INTRODUCTION: Excerpted from Wikipedia:

1. "Neils Bohr's Model of the Atom in Physics uses the Analogy of the Sun and its Orbiting Planets (in Astronomy)".

2. What analogies do you see in the DNA Helix Model, what does it remind you of...? A spiral staircase, Legos bricks, 3D sine waves, ...

3. Fractals in Art, what do they remind you of? and how do scientists use this mathematics to study Nature's forms...?

coastlines, trees, clouds, plants, mountains, shells, ...

Bohr_atom_model.png DNA_Helix.png Fractal_Art.jpg

Analogy plays a significant role in:

1. problem solving

2. decision making

3. perception

4. memory

5. creativity

6. emotion

7. explanation

8. communication

It lies behind basic tasks such as the identification of places, objects and people, for example, in face perception and facial recognition systems. It has been argued that Analogy is "The Core of Cognition".[3

Specific analogical language comprises metaphors, similes, allegories, and parables.

Phrases like "as if", and the very word "like" also rely on an analogical understanding.

Analogy is important not only in ordinary language and common sense (where proverbs and idioms give many examples of its application) but also in science, philosophy and the humanities.

The concepts of association, comparison, correspondence, metaphor, resemblance, and similarity are closely related to analogy.

Analogy has been studied and discussed since classical antiquity by philosophers, scientists and lawyers.

The last few decades have shown a renewed interest in analogy, most notable in cognitive science.


Student Project: Verbal Analogies: Student Guide and Practice Pages

to be continued... Allen